Dari Tepi Sungai Rhein

Tepi sungai Rhein, 18 November 2017

Jembatan sungai Rhein begitu terkenal dengan kisah tentang gembok cinta. Permukaannya dipenuhi berbagai bentuk gembok dengan berbagai nama. Tapi bagiku cerita paling menarik tentang sungai Rhein justru diceritakan oleh Bude.

Pada suatu masa, sungai ini menjadi pemisah antara si miskin dan si kaya. Kisah tentang ketidaksetaraan yang telah berjalan sekian lama. Kisah yang tak pernah berakhir, tetapi justru terus menguat hingga hari ini.

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“Buk, Pak, aku keterima beasiswa! Tiga bulan lagi sudah harus berangkat ke kampus khayalan di negeri impian.”

Ibu dan Bapak memelukku. Aku bisa merasakan air mata mereka menetas perlahan. Kabar ini memang tak akan bisa membayar perjuangan mereka membesarkanku anak semata wayangnya. Mati-matian mereka bertani, menggarap sawah kami yang tak seberapa hingga aku bisa sekolah sampai perguruan tinggi. Tapi setidaknya aku bisa meringankan sedikit beban mereka dengan sebuah kebanggaan.

Negeri ini sungguh makmur. Kesejahteraannya tergambar dari teknologi di berbagai hal. Transportasi publik yang jadualnya tak meleset meski semenit. Mobil yang mesinnya mati otomatis setelah berhenti sekian detik. Budaya tepat waktu, hingga disiplin di jalan raya, juga bersih tanpa sampah.

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Penyesuaian diri bukan proses yang terjadi begitu saja. Jet lag, ketinggalan bus karena tak mampu mengukur cepat langkah kaki. Di negeri ini kamu bisa merencanakan perjalanan dengan sangat mudah. Satu aplikasi menunjukkan jarak, waktu, dan alat tranportasi apa yang bisa kita tempuh. Tapi jangan sekali-sekali percaya dengan prediksi waktu untuk berjalan kaki. Kalau mereka bilang bisa ditempuh dalam 10 menit. Setidaknya kaki pendekku baru bisa sampai dalam 15 menit.

Proses di kelas pun bukan persoalan mudah. Bukannya aku tidak bisa mengikuti pelajaran. Kurikulum di sini sangat mendorong kita untuk berbicara di kelas. Ketika mereka, yang mayoritas dari negara-negara adikuasa, fasih berbahasa inggris dengan percaya dirinya. Sementara aku, perempuan yang lahir di sebuah desa di tengah pulau Jawa. Anak gadis yang terbiasa manut dan diam seribu Bahasa. Lebih terbiasa mendengar dan mengangguk, ketimbang berbicara dan menyanggah. Di ruang kelas ini, pun di kepalaku sesak akan jawaban dan pernyataan yang menyeruak ingin ke luar, aku tetap diam. Tersenyum, dan mendengarkan.

Di malam hari, ketika tugas-tugas sudah berhasil terisi, adalah waktu untuk diriku sendiri. Karena kelelahan sepanjang hari hanya bisa diobati dengan sendirian. Kadang kulewati dengan berjalan sendirian di jalan setapak menuju taman. Sesekali mampir di sebuah bar, sekedar menikmati musik dan sebotol minuman.

Di situlah aku bertemu dia.

Dia menyapa di tengah keramaian, ketika aku hampir jatuh tertabrak orang-orang. Detik itu tubuhku tak jadi roboh, tapi hatiku jelas-jelas jatuh. Dia bukan pria dengan wajah manis dan senyum ramah. Kerutan di dahi melengkapi wajahnya yang selalu terlihat serius. Tapi matanya. Mata di balik bingkai persegi panjang itu terlihat sangat tajam dan menyala.

“Hai, kamu gapapa?”

Aku hanya terpaku. Dia menjulurkan tangannya, memperkenalkan diri, dan mengingatkan bahwa kami ada di kelas yang sama.

Sejak itu, kami sering jalan bersama. Waktu untukku sendiri menjadi sering lenyap. Tapi berdua dengannya, aku tak pernah merasakan lelah. Kami berjalan bersama, seringkali tanpa kata. Menyusuri jalan di taman, atau berdansa menikmati sedikit musik dengan sebotol minuman.

Kami menjadi dekat karena sebuah persamaan. Kami sama-sama berasal dari negara berkembang, berjuang hanya untuk sekedar melanjutkan kehidupan. Berkerja dua kali lipat hanya untuk mendapat uang, makan, dan sedikit lembar pakaian.

Negerinya berada di satu benua dengan negeri adikuasa, di bagian selatannya. Bahasa Spanyol yang menjadi Bahasa sehari-harinya pun buah warisan dari penjajahan 3 abad lamanya.

“Belanda menjajah Indonesia selama 3,5 abad. Dari penjajahan itulah mereka bisa membangun teknologi demikian dasyat. Menjadi negeri makmur dan maju, meninggalkan kami dalam kondisi miskin dan tereksploitasi.”

“Iya, dan penjajahan di negerimu, di negeriku, masih terus terjadi sampai sekarang. Lihat saja sistem perdagangan, yang memang didesain untuk menjadikan kita smakin miskin dan mereka semakin kaya. Petani tradisional, disuruh bersaing dengan teknologi tinggi, ga boleh disubsidi, import pun ga boleh dibatasi meski hanya melalui pajak atau tarif masuk.”

Baru sekarang aku menyadarinya. Di kampusku dulu, aku belajar soal pembangunan. Katanya pembangunan itu untuk kemajuan, supaya manusia bisa semakin terpenuhi kebutuhannya dan hidup semakin layak. Investasi itu katanya alih teknologi. Membuka lapangan pekerjaan dan memberi orang banyak uang.

“Coba kamu sekali-sekali lihat di negerimu. Berapa banyak investasi yang menggusur penduduk? Bukan hanya menggusur rumahnya, tapi juga lahan untuk bertani, atau bahkan menggusur nelayan dari laut tempat mereka mencari ikan. Belum lagi industri yang ekspolitatif, dan begitu merusak lingkungan, membunuh ekosistem termasuk manusianya. Hari ini kita miskin uang. Anak cucu kita nanti bisa jadi sudah tak punya bumi untuk mereka tinggal.”

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Satu hari dia mengajakku ke sebuah tambang batu bara. Jalanan menuju ke sana awalnya adalah perumahan dengan berbagai pohon dan sawah. Namun tiba-tiba kita disuguhkan pada pemandangan tambang yang membuat perasaanku menjadi kering. “Aku dengar di negerimu, ada tambang emas yang lebih parah dari ini.”

Hari lainnya dia mengajakku ke sebuah perpustakaan yang ada di dalam hutan. Hutan itu tidak jauh dari lokasi tambang. “Hutan ini mulai rusak karena tambang. Kami tinggal di sini, mencoba merawatnya. Sekarang kami sudah 40 orang.”

Hutan itu tentu saja dingin, dan jauh dari teknologi yang bisa berjalan sendiri hanya dengan mencemplungkan koin. Tetapi mereka hadir di sini untuk menciptakan kehidupan. Merawat kehidupan dengan kehidupan.

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credit: 350 twitter

Awal November 2017. Konferensi tentang Perubahan Iklim diadakan di negeri ini. Kami tentu tak punya akses untuk masuk ke dalamnya. Maka kami melakukan satu-satunya hal yang bisa kami lakukan. Berteriak di jalanan, berdemo, bergabung bersama ribuan orang.

Keep coal in the ground

Keep oil in the soil

We say Hey, Hey, Ho, Ho, Fossil Fuel has got to go

No Deforestation, No False Solution

What do we want? Climate Justice. When we do want it? Now

We are unstoppable, another world is possible

People gonna rise like the water we gonna calm this crisis down

We hear the voices of great granddaughter, saying climate justice now.

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Kami berdemo dengan riang. Musik, kostum, patung. Kami menyanyi, menari, berpelukan, dan berciuman. Kami gembira karena kami tahu bahwa kami tak sendirian. Karena kami yakin solidaritas ini adalah kekuatan dalam berjuang.

Minggu ketiga November. Hari ini dia mengajakku bertemu dengan banyak orang. Mereka datang dari berbagai negara untuk masuk ke dalam Konferensi sebagai observer. Hari ini Konferensi Dunia itu hampir selesai. Mereka bilang pemimpin-pemimpin negara akan memberikan pernyataan. Ah, betapa banyak istilah rumit yang mereka sampaikan. Meski aku berusaha setengah mati, nyatanya tak banyak yang bisa kumengerti

Aku sampai ke kamar, ketika malam sudah datang. Kunyalakan ponselku yang baterainya sudah habis berjam-jam lalu. Ketika sebuah sms kuterima. Dari Bibiku:

“Nak, pulang Nak. Bapak Ibumu mati. Ditembak tentara yang mau ambil tanahmu untuk dijadikan perkebunan kelapa sawit.

Di televisi, kulihat seorang menteri dari sebuah negeri.

“Kami siap untuk berkontribusi dalam pengurangan emisi. Kami siap meningkatkan produksi kelapa sawit, sebagai bio energi.”

Dan orang-orang di dalam ruangan itu bertepuk tangan.

Iklan

Conflict of Interest in UNFCCC: Pull Out Polluters from Negotiation

*Ini short article terkait salah satu topik yang mengemuka di Konferensi Iklim, Mei lalu di Bonn. Versi bahasa Indonesia yang (direncanakan) lebih lengkap akan menyusul.

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Climate negotiation has been happening since 1991, while UN Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) was entered into force on 21 March 1994. This negotiation is expected to produce real solution to solve climate crisis and save the planet, including people who are already impacted by climate crisis. In fact, after 23 years, UNFCCC still not come up with strong commitments to truly solve the root problems of climate crisis, both in its policies, and projects. Moreover, UNFCCC keep producing false solutions that cause more problems to people. Resulted solutions from this negotiation are only benefits to industrial countries, transnational corporations and international financial institutions. For example, REDD and REDD+ in Indonesia have been impacted to our people, women and men who have to loss their livelihood resources, evicted, as well experience economic and social impact caused by the projects. Meanwhile, through Smart Climate Agriculture, government is only accommodating interests of agri-business, and grab farmers’ sovereignty over their production by creating dependency to big company’s seeds and fertilizers.

The active engagement of corporations/private companies on the negotiation table is believed as one of the factors that create these profit-driven solutions. We all know that to solve climate crisis, we need to addressing the root causes of climate change, which is to reduce emissions drastically from the source, i.e. industrial activities and the changing patterns of production and consumption that relies on fossil fuels, one of them by cutting off the investment in fossil fuels. But how it is possible, when companies like Big Oil Gas and Coal Company are parts of the negotiation.

Corporate Accountability International (CAI) reports that more than 250 Business and Industry Non-Governmental Organizations (BINGOs) have currently been admitted to the climate talks.[1] Meanwhile, based on UNFCC website, 13,9% from Observers are coming from BINGOs. It is a huge number compared with the number of observers coming from impacted communities and groups, such as Indigenous People, Farmer, Women, and Youth.[2] Involvement of BINGOs itself had also bring conflict of interests, since they represent the interests of corporation that basically are polluters for decades. As a respond, Civil Society including environment NGOs, Women’s group as well as Indigenous People, bring voices and raising awareness about the issues of Corporate’s Conflict of Interest in UNFCCC. The discussion about conflict of interest is continuing in the  Bonn Climate Change Conference – May 2017.[3]

This issue was brought to In Session Workshop on Opportunities to Further Enhance Effective Engagement of Non-Party Stakeholder. Kaliyani Raj, from All India Women’s Conference and represent Women and Gender constituency as one of the speakers said that it is Important to adopt clear mechanism to see different between stakeholder who represent public interests and right based groups, versus they who represent the business interests. This statement also supported by some feedbacks from Ecuador Delegation, Walter Schuldt-Espinel, Indigenous groups, Women and Gender Constituency, Climate Justice Now, and Indigenous group. Besides, someone from UN secretariat who’ve been involved in the process of Convention of Tobacco Control also share the experience as an important lesson learn. In that Convention negotiation process, they realized that there is fundamental conflict between tobacco industry and public health interests, so limiting role of tobacco industry in negotiation is very necessary. In the context of UNFCCC, we need to limit the role of actors that might be ‘polluting’ the process.

In the other hand, to create true solution, we need to encourage more spaces for Society and produce people centered solutions. Indigenous People, Peasant, Fisher Folk, already have their initiatives in saving the earth. For example, women live around forest in Kalimantan and Central Sulawesi, Indonesia who use nature’s product such as pandan/screw pine and rattan as material for making handcraft. They will only harvest big pandan/screw pine, with limited amount as needed and then will replant the trees. This initiative is taken to guarantee and the sustainability for the next generations.

This issue also brought to UNFCCC through the in-session Workshop that have objective to discuss opportunity to build relationship between stakeholder to enhance climate commitment into an action. Through the workshop, representative from Indigenous Groups also share how they already took initiatives as ‘guardian of the land.’ They are maintaining and governing it for a long time with their own funding/resources. But ironically public funding distributed through Green Climate Fund is put more in to industries, while Indigenous People are on the ground trying to guard their land.

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To recognize and support people perspective and initiatives in solving climate crisis, it is important to ensure meaningful participation of people, but off course with a clear understanding that there is a different between who represent people’s interests and business’s interests. In the parallel discussion, civil society had also share about their experiences, knowledge, and ideas to enhance participation and involvement of civil society, particularly the impacted groups.  Some ideas and thought also identified, such as ensure national mechanism of parties to give information and spaces for civil society to be able to involve meaningfully, capacity building and awareness raising, translated documents so local people can understand about the negotiation, as well the recognition of CSO as participant instead of observers. It is also important to see and consider specific situation of women, who have limited access and control in many aspects and create affirmative action to encourage their involvement.

This process showed that civil society has been succeed, at least in making ‘noise’ about the issue. Therefore, it is important to monitor the follow up of the workshop and keep making noise and raising awareness, until UNFCCC really take it into account and bring it in the negotiation. Business Sectors should be regulated and obligated in Climate Actions, but not to involve and use their power to influence Climate negotiations.

In conclusion, pull out Business Sectors from the negotiation is a very important issue. As long as they have opportunity to use their power in influencing negotiation, UNFCCC will keep continue producing false solutions that strengthening Inequality and impoverishment. All this time, the negotiation has been reflected as a manifestation of inequality between capital owners who destroy the earth and the people who forcedly evicted from their livelihood in the name of climate change mitigation. Indigenous people, peasant, and fisher folk in global south already impacted by climate crisis, but all of climate projects are not able to save them and solve the root cause. Moreover, they have to loss their livelihood resources and forced to conduct or involve in project that not giving any benefit for them, to conserve the earth from the disaster that not caused by them. For women, who also experience the impact of climate change and climate projects, they even face layered of impact and injustice caused by social, economic, political and cultural barriers that limit their access to and control over resources, capacities and decision making.

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[1] http://www.thebigissue.co.ke/index.php/2017/05/23/conflict-interest-threatens-climate-change-talks/amp/

[2] http://unfccc.int/parties_and_observers/observer_organizations/items/9545.php

[3] The forty-sixth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 46) and  Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 46) as well as the third part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1-3), conducted from 8 to 18 May 2017, in Bonn, Germany.